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and their family, but the eisenhower's were amazing with me. john, susan, david are completely open, not defensive, which is unusual. incredibly helpful and i could not have done this book without them. so thank you, susan. six weeks after dwight eisenhower became president, stalin died. paik caught together top advisers and officials in that, what's the plan? .. is >> little bit like colonel sanders of kentucky fried chicken. was clearly a figure. ike was rooting for the general, the head of the red army was ike's ally in defeating the nazis in world war ii. eisenhower sent his son john out to do a little spying. john seidel up to him. things are not as they seem. president eisenhower did not find out who was really in charge until the fifth day of the conference, when ike proposed what he called his opened scottish plan. the big fear in those early days of the nuclear age was a surprise attack. so ike proposed that each country on the other countries to fly over head to take any preparation of an attack. the soviet delegation initially seemed like the idea, but at a reception afterwards a short
'm the president of the united states, but it was a little defensive about it because, you know, he probably should have gotten rid of dulles. they are clearer in retrospect than they are at the time. ike was a great manager, but he was arguably a little slow to get rid of people. i think not in world war ii, no problem with sacking generals in world war ii, but maybe a little slow in his own administration, at least in the second term. this is one squishy area in his presidency. i spent a lot of time on it. my long study of intelligence on the outside, amateur at it, but presidents think you can snap your fingers, and the cia does miraclous things. it doesn't work that way. eisenhower did understand that. he was reasonable about this. this is all highly relevant because right now, i'm sure the united states is thinking about covert action on iran. the golden years of the cia are about to come back because we don't want to attack iran. we don't to bomb iran because that starts a war, but on the other hand, we don't want iran to get nuclear weapons. take those off the table, that leaves covert actio
the channel, and the french were then crippled in defense of paris. part of the problem with the dunkirk evacuation by the british was that the left all their equipment in france. they had no time to take their guns, their tanks, their trucks. so the when the british soldiers ended up in southern england after the evacuation, they really only had uniform's on the backs. >> when did that evacuation take place? >> it was a late may, and finished -- >> late may 1940? >> first couple days of june. by the second of june it was virtually over. >> for couple weeks into the invasion of france it was over? >> the french -- a lot of the french military felt that they had lost the battle for the country by this done. it actually went on for another several weeks, because the germans had to reset their tanks and aligned themselves and push down towards paris. they hadn't at this point conquered paris, but the french did the best they could, but at this point the writing was certainly on the wall. friends had to drop out of the war. i think it was june 22. so that evacuation was over by the second of
that it is worth a try. you have heard the objections. what would you say in defense of this idea? stand up and we will get to the microphone. >> depending on the person's background, perhaps this is a motivational tool to make them understand maybe i can benefit from reading and when they do read they get turned on to reading and they get some kind of a monetary value. >> and what is your name? >> melanie. >> so, you say the goal is to get them turned down to reading. but maybe it can kickstart a good habit. whereas others worry that the money will actually crowd out the good have it. you don't think that will necessarily happen. it might actually start the habit. are there others that think this policy is worth a try? yes, the man with the cap, go ahead. stand up and we will get you a microphone. stand up and tell us your name. >> the question would be what you pick your career based on how much money you make the lead automatically cancel out so many carriers that don't pay much but they are very rewarding. >> do you think people should or should not choose their career based on the money? >> n
to have a conservative task to them. they tended to be oriented around history of strong national defense, of an opposition to unions and a defense of free enterprise politics. and also it's in the sun belt, in the south and southwest that we see the rise of what we see by the 1970s is becoming to talk about as the religious right, the rise of evangelical involved in the clinical process in new and important ways. so thurmond was at the forefront of all of those issues in his own politics. national defense, he was a staunch anti-communist. he played an important role in right wing anti-communist populist politics in the late '50s and early 1960s. it's one of the things that led him to switch parties in 1964. he was a key figure in opposing labor unions. he did so alongside people like barry goldwater. even the early in his career he had been a staunch advocate of unions in south carolina back in the '30s and '40s when the union vote was an important vote in south carolina, but he switches in the '50s and 60s about 1970s, some diehard supporter of business against labor. then he also is im
defense is an offense, which means that you have to come more women and children more quickly than the enemy if you want to save yourself. that's what he said in 1930. stewart says that we need to face the cyber threat with the candor of stanley baldwin and only after that then gets lawyers involved in looking at it. i don't think that we can make that kind of threat for couple of reasons. militarily we don't need to do that. to the extent that nation states may present threats to us, our conventional capacity, i don't know a single nation state that is not deterred by our conventional capacity. we are to believe secretary panetta, where the cutting edge. both to radically and cyber we have. when back going to be deterred by any idea that we might launch a cyber attacked or divested civilians and their property. remember, some of these people shoot 14 year-old girls and the head because she's a schoolgirl. there won't be deterred by threatening a bunch of civilians even their own people. what does deter them, however, is when you hold at risk their own personal safety. that is what
't say that. he was a courageous guy that cut the defense budget by 20% in the late 1950's and there's the defense budget cuts in the late 1950's within a number of reason we have the silicon valley. a lot of radio engineers have moved out there and was a beautiful part of the country suddenly they didn't have jobs. and those people were saying well, you know, we want to stay here. and they created p equipment all the rest. so we were in a very tenuous moment. we had a financial crisis and on top of the there was the financial crisis that led to that crisis in the industry. adding on top of that, psychologically the failure of the big three auto makers tough call. by the become i don't know why anybody in this presidential election notions that this is a bush program. i mean, i have a chapter about left, right come forward and i am not concerned that this. start with one out of fenestration and continue to the other. so you know, that's not what it's about either. but what would happen if we let it go? there would have been of this manufacturing, all these contracts out the door. cou
. they should not be defensive about reading not optional. going to take you away. joyous. it's not optional. it just me to say that. when you have in many households you don't have that culture of people who provide that opportunity for young people, grabbing them when they're seven or eight or even beyond and providing an opportunity for the family to read together. we have a program called family reading circles. we use high-quality picture books. and the parents are caregivers share those with the and people. the family. and transitional homes. the housing projects and things like that. most of the time the adults have very low literacy levels. the picture books give them an opportunity to share. and it turns into a discussion. >> oh, my goodness. we have a 38 percent of adult illiteracy rate. >> 38%. >> totally illiterate. think about ten to five more percentage that are barely literate. that is why we look at technology as a way, it's nonthreatening. the sense that they are reading with these tools. trying to grab them however we can. >> how many libraries. the trustee, obviously the s
, secretary of defense. during the civil war, and in fact during world war ii there was a secretary of war who was responsible for the army and secretary of the navy, obviously responsible for the navy, who sat as coequals at the cabinet table, and they were members of a coalition perhaps. they were on the same side without a doubt. but they were hardly partners. and that became very clear early on. not only with haleck, "general can't be done" jealous of his own command. wanted to keep the forces under his own control, which he believed was essential to capture the railroad hub, and the navy whereas equally jealous of partnering with he army. they didn't want to do it. secretary of the navy, gideon wells, was actually determined whenever possible that the navy should do things without helping the army. wasn't that they could do it without the army. they routey sought to do it without the army, and that was a good thing because they got the headlines. so, behind all of this difficulty that begins to emerge now late in '62, there's an underpinning of jealousy, competition, rivalry, between the
's often misunderstood. we often think of it as a defensive move. they were losing in the union. they decided to take this gamble. they did take a gamble but they were the only slave holding class in the 19th century who did it. the brazilian slave holders didn't do it. why did these guys? that's an interesting question and i tried to explain a little in the book with astana and sat? it is fascinating to get inside of the mind of this incredibly powerful not just in terms of social power and wealth but political power of this elite and they were used to running the united states and they really did not doubt their ability to do this separately. so the confidence is there, and it's a big piece of the story. >> was their overwhelming support for secession along the south? >> guest: >> nope, it's an interesting political campaign. i mean i've written about it three or four times in my life and i never cease to be amazed. it's as interesting as any campaign in history. karl rove would have been impressed. they needed -- i mean, most of the political elite, only a third of the white
personal relationships and family and special cases. i am first to tell you they are careful and defensive. when i asked how the religious political parties in spain they all smiled and say the beekeepers are away from them, nothing to do. their sense is parliamentary politics is a hornet's nest of trouble and corruption and even though -- very obviously on the left but they want -- kerri stunning example. not that you have to go to other countries. cooperative enterprise. let me urge you -- embarrassed that i have forgotten the title. san francisco and berkeley, a new edition came out this year of the history of cooperative enterprise in the united states. it will amaze you how much our history as a nation is wrapped up with people who came from all over the world with all kinds of experience they brought them in collective or cooperative or community enterprise. to drive it home, the knights of labor, the forerunner of the afl-cio, a two pronged strategy for labor and it went like this. one thing that we do is help workers negotiate a better deal with the employee, better wages, better w
children. you are against children? you don't like education? so you go on the moral defensive. so it's not enough to say free markets work. if people feel free markets are somehow a moral, that is sort of a semi-corrupt bargain but they give us material things so we put up with this, it will wither away. it will die. we are trying to say no, free markets don't deliver goods. they deliver good because it's based on morality, amoral optimism about the future. you don't make an investment if you think is that a future. you don't take a risk if you have an environment of pessimism. you take the risk and think i may lose everything, but it may work so i'll try it. that's why you get that optimism and free markets. >> and "freedom manifesto" there is a list of federal taxes in here. accounts receivable tax cut building permit tax, corporate income tax, dog license tax, federal income tax, phishing attacks, iris don't take him a local income tax, luxury taxes for a marriage license tax, payroll, real estate tax and i'm kind of editing as they go here come the social security tax, trailer re
be attacked, the germans recognized the forces in a natural defensive place and spend several days pouring it with german veterans, every single -- the place was pre registered, there were bunkers, it was a death trap. there were hundreds and hundreds of thousands of mines across the forest floor and conifer trees blocked the sunlight, it was hard to see at times. in blog co. a battalion was placed at the reserve unit. it was fair, special operations missions and many of them took place. but all the men have universally said one thing, our longest day was not d-day. was december 7th, 1944. let me take you now to the second ranger battalion, one of their greatest battles. in many ways it is an untold story in a place called bird seen, practically an entire army tank regiment was task -- sort of the at that time the farthest penetration into germany. the tank regiment was practically destroyed. behind dirk steen was held 400. the only people that were left in reserve was the second ranger battalion. it became a minister -- men with -- germans moved around the burnout houses, germans send wha
and the defense and the people stamping offices, and everything you think of government does if we were to set it to zero right now, we would still have a deficit right now. that's how much the government is suggestion sucking out of the -- just sucking out of the economy. so what we need is spending reform that really pares back government, and as the literature i cite in my chapter shows contrary to what keynes said, if you're in a situation like we are where you've got unsustainably high government spending, that if you pare it back, you can get a lot of growth sometimes relatively quickly, and i think there is about another half a percent to a percent if we could just have what economists call fiscal consolidation. sadly, there are a lot of countries throughout history that have opinion as messed up as we are, and we've seen them fixing by cutting. and the third thing we need to do is stop having everything expire in december. we've got this thing coming, right? imagine you're a business person, and you've got to decide what are you going to do next year? should you add a new factory? you
after archive, crosschecking, fat checking. one thing that seems to improve defensively with joe kennedy pisani bootlegger. i really, really admire the scholarship and a very quiet to spend the many weeks with this book. >> host: discovering new things about the kennedy family is just astounding. we were talking about an alternative history thing. but if nixon, what if they had never been president and we start thinking about the thousands of books that never would have been written about it but maybe different books. i once interviewed caroline kennedy edited several books, mostly and some tapes from the white house. caroline kennedy is famous for staying on message. and to get off message attack have you for not only can the bookstore? if she was thinking about it, she wouldn't say anything. but you can have the entire bookstore devoted to the kennedys. service history can have a skin of section. arnold schwarzenegger spoke had been there. they are househunting and someone shows from the house, an apartment in los angeles, hollywood and the real estate agent said, you know, just as ken
, much harder nut to crack. syria's defense system was developed to counter israel. that's a sophisticated air force. libways not at all like that -- libya is not at all like that. it's very, very slippery slope. once you want to establish a no-fly zone -- establish a safe haven, you have to establish a no-fly zone and then the safe haven has to protect against are till rare fire? how do you do senate -- do that? a it's a slippery slope. i i was on washington journal a month ago and i was asked this question, and if we go in, or if we militarily either more aggressive support in terms of the military aid or boots on the ground, air toast support, what's hezbollah going to do sunset what's iran going to do? what's russia going to do? this is quite volatile and i don't think we have thought out all of the potential possibilities of getting involved in another quagmire in the middle east. and as i said, i have lots of friends there if there was an easy answer to this, if military intervention -- if there was any chance where there was limited damage, collateral damage to our
in self-defense to kill their kidnappers, captain and mate of the ship. so the slave trade was no longer a slave trade. it is a kidnapping ring and therefore illegal. they made the slave trade illegal and was the first step in our movement towards emancipation and people began rallying around him as the southerners and house of representatives tried to shut him out as he pleaded for emancipation. that aroused northerners. the quakers at first and others who realized john quincy on this was a devout christian is that this goes against all fundamentals of christianity. patrick henry said the same thing and soon you have this abolition movement beginning to grow and grow. the more they try to silence john quincy adams, the more he spoke out. they passed a categorical, making it against the rules of the house to use the word slavery. anytime you trade the essay, the speaker of the house from tennessee to my future president polk city is out of order and southerners would shout them down saying order, order. so he started pulling out petitions from his constituents at first, but then over the
the western defense command were allowed to reclaim their cameras. that's why bill manbo had a camera and is comfortable walking around in public. so what did he shoot? seashell parades. boy scout and is very active at heart mountain. here you've got the boy scout at the head of the parade with the american flag in the dry nature with the time just behind. and then maybe i'm not so classic american image. sumo wrestling is part just open my camp, very much again like the japanese culture being practiced with permission of the war relocation authority. if you could see the faces of the folks behind, it's clearly a light moment in this particular match. and looks as though the older gentleman has been pushed out of the ring by the younger guy others' cultural historians might see some interesting comic relief going on because there's a fair amount of unspoken intergenerational conflict at the camp between the immigrant generation. so there's a way in which the young man pushing the old man out of the ring may have had a certain kind of tension breaking humor to it. the vote really gets
around every corner. good earth made it known it was prepared to stand in the fight. at first the self-defense of funds for scorning female commune members from house to house, but then it became a campaign to clean up the streets themselves. by 1970 that neighborhood was having an affair when his speed. directly across from the good earth house upholstery. they decided they had to go peer calling the police was not considered an option since it would probably take the opportunity to raise the better past two. they had apparently abandoned to tooth and claw. the one-day group of the communes members including mccarthy, now known as mouseman simply paid the junkies a visit to commit them to leave. good earth took over the house, fix it up in the skin of some members. heroin dealers still roam the neighborhood, but good earth begin to run them out, too. one evening a smart pusher came down this flashy car, nearly running over several commune members. the good earth crew loudly that the dealer know what they thought of them. 10 minutes later, stepped out of his car with a gun. what are you going
funds. some of the arguments that were given in favor of -- in defense are not quite -- it's a complicated issue. budgets and allocations are negotiation between the president, the congress, and input from the state department. but to answer your question even more directly, i don't know why -- we were certainly concerned before we went and that it was the anniversary of september september 11th, not a great time. we didn't feel ourselves that we were prominent targets, but we are westerners. we stick out in a place like benghazi. there had been -- there was a pattern of attacks of the course of the previous six months, and practically all the more high-profile, other local officials or international diplomats. so one would have to say that that was a prominent target. so unexplained. i have not heard any convincing answers as to why that was the case. cultural a vendor. he was not there to meet with us because i have heard that he was in town when i arrived. that made it into various press outlets in the think there was just so much misinformation running around, the campa
that geography has played in shaping the defense and talks about the role that it plays in the future. this is about ten minutes. >> good evening, welcome and thank you for joining us. my name is richard fontaine. i'm the president for the center of new american security. it's a pleasure to welcome you all here to celebrate the publication of robert kaplan's new book the reason geography what they tell us about the coming conflict in the battle against the state. i've heard it said before that you all very great author by reading his books not by buying them -- they will be sold on the stage in this room back here. bald kaplan's work is known no doubt why this audience. he's been a senior fellow and in march of 2008 a foreign correspondent for the atlantic for about a quarter of a century and is currently the chief geopolitical analyst. i first became acquainted with his writing during his book with traces of history of the tight midwesterners living and working in the middle east. and since that book, the very titles of his work goes to the coming anarchy have provoked the debate. th
, and defense that could teach us a great deal about our own times. here at the library we decided to concentrate on making history of the kennedy administration accessible to the widest possible audience. in the hope that the treasures of the kennedy library will inspire people growing up today in the same way the stories of the past spired my parents. on the 50th anniversary of my father's inauguration, in january 2001, we launched the digital archive from putting all the presents papers and correspondence and memos and photograph and film online, so that people can have access online to this material. not just scholars who come to boston. we created the president's desk, an interactive tool, so that kids can experience most important moments of the presidency. and we translated my father's major addresses into 40 languages online. this is the culmination of digitizing and creating the digital presidential archives. last fall, we released my mother is archives, "historic conversations with john f. kenned", now we are publishing my father's archives, "listening in: the secret whit
appoints appoints ian axe secretary of war. today we call it secretary of defense under harry truman after world war ii. jackson appoints eaton has secretary of war. here's the scandal. there was a young girl in washington d.c.. the calder little peg, peggy o'neal and her father owned a tavern. this tavern was a tavern/boarding house where jackson and be and other politicians when they go to washington they would board their but in truth it was a tavern/boarding house/brothel. little peg, the daughter, peggy o'neal was sort of the most popular attractioattractio n at the boarding house. you can picture her like a mae west coming down the steps. she would sing and perform. she was known to sit on all a politician slaps. she was the sort of dashing figure, have frances diane, half may west. that is peggy o'neal. peggy o'neal runs away against her father's wishes and marries a guy in timberlake and while timberlake is at sea for your peggy gives birth to the first child and while he he is a seed for another year she has another child with him so it's a huge scandal. timberlake may have jumped
al qaeda and saddam hussein. one of the most surprising things to me this thursday defense intelligence agency report, classified report that came out in 2002 that specifically said our intelligence on weapons of mass destruction is terrible. we can't establish any of the things we say to the public. i quote from that document pretty excessively. so that was disturbing and really did seem like it's something at the preconception conifers except you. if something didn't, it was taught aside. people doing the good work are the ones who is saying there is nothing there. >> huddy research a book like this? >> you willingly subject yourself to a greater amount of agony. the reporting started in 2006 and here we are in 2012. when i started, i thought i was doing to combat the ears of the bush administration and after many hundreds of hours of interviews i realize i could write 10 volumes and the heart of the story was that not a hundred feet. and i collect as many documents as a kurd. anybody sat down with me will say also to give me everything and i want it now. i take documents
ahead. but agnew raised the defense that a president could not be indicted while in office. he had, you had to wait until his term was up, or he resigned or was impeached and e removed that way. and that he was the same n that sense, had the same immunity that the president did. so i and two other lawyers in the office of the solicitor general wrote a brief in a hurry. we didn't have much time. contrasting the position of vice president and president and concluding that a president could not be indicted while in office without removing him first, but that a vice president could be. now, that debate has come up not only that debate came up with nixon, the question of indicting nixon, it came up again with bill clinton when some people wanted to indict bill clinton. but i continue to think that the president and the president alone has that kind of immunity until he's out of office. >> host: there was one other during nixon's presidency major issue you faced -- >> guest: there was of only one other major issue? >> host: there were quite a number. that was one particularly strike anything
. the third guy, al turkey, remained involved in international affairs and worked for the cia, the defense department so he was interested in politics all the way along end state involved working for the american government. those three were very seriously injured early in their time in north africa, which is in a anyway why they survived.y >> rachel cox.s this is her book, "into dust and fire," five young americans who went first to fight the nazi army. we didn't want to give away too much of the ending. we gave away a little of it. rachel cox, as another -- has another uncle who became rather notorious and that is to? >> archibald cox. everyone in my family called him uncle bill. nobody knows why. that was as big name. maybe he just didn't like being called archie. >> so you called him uncle bill. i obviously he is well-connected to the watergate era. what do you you remember about that era? >> yeah, well i think the general feeling was that it was characteristic of him to resign when he was put in a position -- i guess he was fired actually. he didn't resign but anyway he left. he w
of accepting for grad school scholarships, want to find out about those mass defense. i found it the biggest pr in the music industry and worked with michael jackson and prince and bob marley
bring everybody down. if people were honest and give a philosophical defense, the american people would reject resoundingly. so instead he tries to turn conservatives into the enemy. let me tell you this incredibly effect is when it not met with powerful, courageous, profound articulation of ideas and we seen when there's a vacuum on our side, that hate filled rhetoric just rams through. i want to talk in particular, since we have the clear wilkes booth policy institute, which atoka but this whole notion of a war on women. obama hasn't escaped his divisive hateful rhetoric to class warfare or the war against women. it's been debating you people, turning young people against old people, businesses and corporations, dividing based on our faith, dividing us based on race. this is supposed to be a post-racial presidency and the racial tensions are higher than ever perhaps in this country in terms of trusting one another in thinking the best of one another. he's divided us based on immigration, saying that conservatives are the enemy because we have a different philosophy on creatine amnesty
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